Missouri has historically been one of the most restrictive states when it comes to cannabis policy, but in November 2018 voters approved Amendment 2 to legalize the use of marijuana for medical purposes by qualified patients.
Recreational Marijuana in Missouri
Recreational marijuana is illegal in Missouri. Lawmakers in 2014 did enact Senate Bill 491 to reduce penalties for the possession of up to 10 grams of marijuana. The law, which took effect January 1, 2017, makes the first offense punishable as an infraction (class D misdemeanor) carrying a fine of $250 to $1,000. Possession of 10 grams to up to 35 grams is a class A misdemeanor, but punishable to up to 1 year in prison and a maximum fine of $2,000. Possession of over 35 grams, or 1.25 ounces, is a felony, punishable to up to seven years in prison and a $5,000 fine.
In April 2016, nearly 75% of voters in Kansas City approved Question 5, a measure that eliminated jail penalties and lowered the fine for those caught in possession of up to 35 grams from $500 to $25.
Medical Marijuana in Missouri
Missouri voters approved Amendment 2 in November 2018 to legalize medical marijuana.
Registered patients and their caregivers are allowed to purchase up to four ounces of marijuana from dispensaries every month. A 4 percent retail tax is applied to sales, with excess revenue going to a fund aimed at covering veterans’ health care costs. The new law also legalizes the personal cultivation of six marijuana plants by patients registered with the program.
The new law allows permit state-licensed physicians to recommend medical marijuana to patients diagnosed with the following conditions:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- HIV and AIDS
- Intractable Migraines
- Multiple Sclerosis
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Psychiatric Disorders
- Spinal Cord Injuries
- Terminal illness
The law also permits doctors to recommend cannabis for any chronic, debilitating, or other condition they see fit.
CBD from Hemp Oil in Missouri
Hemp-derived CBD products are legal under Federal Law in the United States; however, individual state laws are dynamic and fluid. Individual states may enact their own laws governing hemp-derived CBD.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Missouri
Cultivating marijuana for recreational use is prohibited in Missouri. Registered medical marijuana patients or their caregivers can legally grow up to six marijuana plants at home.
Additionally, in 2014, the Missouri Legislature passed House Bill 2238, which gives the Department of Agriculture the authority to grow industrial hemp for research purposes. House Bill 2054 also passed, stating that industrial hemp is not a controlled substance, and it is legal for all persons to cultivate hemp as long as they have not been convicted of a drug-related offense.
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