Michigan’s road to reasonable cannabis access for medical and recreational use is one of the most unique of any state in the union. Medical cannabis was legalized in 2008, but until recently dispensaries were considered illegal. Recreational cannabis remains illegal, but 20 cities have decriminalized personal use.
CBD from Hemp Oil in Michigan
Hemp CBD oil is federally legal in the U.S. Individual state laws, however, are dynamic and some states have and will enact their own laws regulating hemp-derived CBD.
Medical Cannabis in Michigan
Medical cannabis became legal in Michigan after 63% voters approved of Proposal 1 in November 2008. Several amendments have since been passed to provide further structure for cannabis access. In September 2016, Gov. Rick Snyder signed a collection of five bills to amend the Michigan Medical Marihuana Program and establish a statewide regulatory system after an unfortunate 2013 state Supreme Court ruling made dispensaries illegal, forcing patients to either grow their own cannabis or get cannabis from a designated caregiver. The new collection of bills not only established licensing and regulatory framework and clarified dispensaries, but created a seed-to-sale cannabis tracking system and legalized the manufacturing and use of cannabis lotions, oils and edibles.
Registered patients can possess up to 2.5 ounces of ‘useable marijuana’, or up to 12 cannabis plants in an enclosed, locked facility. The law allows for patients to have a primary caregiver.
Approved medical cannabis conditions include:
- Alzheimer’s Disease
- Amyotrophic Lateral Sclerosis (ALS)
- Cachexia or Wasting Syndrome
- Chronic Pain
- Crohn’s Disease
- Hepatitis C
- Nail-Patella Syndrome
- Post-Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD)
- Severe and Persistent Muscle Spasms
You can find Michigan’s Medical Marihuana Program website here.
Recreational Cannabis in Michigan
Recreational cannabis is illegal in Michigan. Possession of any amount of recreational cannabis is a misdemeanor punishable by 1 year in jail with a fine of $2,000. Use of cannabis is a misdemeanor punishable by 90 days in prison with a maximum fine of $100. Sale of any quantity is a felony, punishable by up to 15 years in prison and $10,000,000 in fines. Even sale without remuneration is punishable by 1 year in prison and $1,000 in fines.
While recreational cannabis is still a serious crime on the state level, almost 20 cities have removed criminal penalties for possession of small amounts of cannabis. These cities include: Ann Arbor, Kalamazoo, Detroit, Flint, Grand Rapids, Ypsilanti, Ferndale, Jackson, Lansing, Hazel Park, Oak Park, Berkley, Huntington Woods, Mount Pleasant, Pleasant Ridge, Port Huron, Saginaw, East Lansing, Portage, and Keego Harbor.
Cultivation of Cannabis in Michigan
Cultivation of cannabis for recreational purposes is charged as a felony regardless of the quantity. These offenses are punishable by 15 years in jail with up to $10,000,000 in fines.
Under the state’s medical cannabis law, patients or their caregivers are allowed to grow up to 12 cannabis plants. The plants must be cultivated in an enclosed and locked facility.
Additionally, the state also passed the Industrial Hemp Research Act of 2014, which allows government departments, colleges, and universities to grow industrial hemp for research purposes, as part of an agricultural pilot program or academic research project.